Dear children,

Under the spiritual blessing of Saint Gabriel the Archangel, may souls awaken to the Call of God so that every being on this planet may fulfill His Divine Will.

On this day, I transmit the "Spiritual Novena to Saint Gabriel the Archangel" so that it may be prayed by devout hearts that, together with the Celestial Mother, will implore for the awakening of humanity; so that, by means of the intercession of Saint Gabriel the Archangel, souls receive in their interior the Call of God and consciousnesses may be withdrawn from world illusion; so that the new apostles and missionaries of Christ may be at the service of the moment of the Lord's Return.

May the Angel of the Annunciation impel you on the path towards the fulfillment of the Sacred Will of God.

Spiritual Novena to Saint Gabriel the Archangel

Union bead

O Saint Gabriel the Archangel!
Faithful Messenger of God,
may the inner Christ awaken within us.

First decade

 By the sweet voice of Saint Gabriel the Archangel,
which the Virgin Mary could hear,
Lord, may we also hear
the Call of God.


Second decade

By the Annunciation dictated by Saint Gabriel the Archangel,
may we incarnate the Call of God
within us.

Third decade

By the solemn Presence of Saint Gabriel the Archangel,
may souls awaken
to the Call of God.

Fourth decade

By the Light and the Power pronounced by Saint Gabriel the Archangel
to the Most Holy Virgin Mary,
may we be blessed and protected
on our spiritual paths.

 Fifth decade

By the Message of Peace and Grace
announced by Saint Gabriel the Archangel,
may we be open to hear and recognize
the Will of God.

 Final prayer
(three times)

 O Saint Gabriel the Archangel!
May we be the new apostles of Christ
so that, through example and selfless service,
we may announce the Coming of our Redeemer.


I thank you for responding to My call!

Who blesses you,

Your Mother, the Virgin Mary, Rose of Peace


We adore You, O Christ, and we bless You,
because by Your Holy Cross You have redeemed the world.
(3 times)


In the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. Amen.

Within My Heart weighs the reality of the world, the situation of the nations, the condition in which humanity is to be found.

Within My Heart weigh the difficulties of all Christians, the serious problems of the most indigent, the loneliness of the dying.

Within My Heart weighs the situation of this pandemic, which is the first crucial test of humanity in this time of planetary transition.

Within My Heart weighs the adversity in which many are submerged, and from that adversity, they cannot leave.

Within My Heart weigh those who are indifferent, those who omit the Call of God and, above all, those who received it once, and, up to today, have rejected it.

Within My Heart weigh many things, which I share with you today, which I reveal to you today, not for you to feel My grief, but rather for you to help Me transmute these situations of the world.

I come in search of those who still do not believe in Me and who have not allowed Me to enter their hearts.

I come for those who are still tepid and undecided.

I come for those who have not yet put their feet upon My Path and have not decided to find Me.

What relieves the sorrow of My Heart is a  the good work, the consistency of the apostles of the last times, the sacramental life, the experience of the Gospel by means of the daily examples of life, the unceasing practice of the Commandments, the faith of the Christians and of the believers, the solidarity of those who look at the one who suffers and help them.

Those who relieve the sorrow of My Heart are also those who are consecrated and do not step back, those who remain united to Me in spite of the circumstances.

Those who relieve My Heart are those who do not doubt nor are they mistrustful, those who fulfill, step by step, what I request of them.

Those who relieve My Heart are those who decide to live their purification; those who do not get submerged in their own problems; those who do not compromise the Plan of My Father; those who understand reality, beyond themselves.

Those who live My Heart are those who serve untiringly, those who are available at any time and at any moment; those who understand the truth, beyond their ideas and feelings.

Those who make My Heart suffer are those who foster war, those who incite humanitarian crises, those who foster the displacement of the refugees.

Those who make My Heart suffer are also those who are aware and do not help, those who do not want to enter this situation and reality in order to be able to solve it.

Those who make My Heart suffer are those who govern, those who rule the nations and are out of the Law, those who no longer live the Word of Life, those who desecrate the Gospel.

Those who make My Heart suffer are those who have everything and do not share anything, those who keep their riches with fear, those who make a material illusion of their lives, those who do not care for the poorest.

Those who rejoice My Heart are those who persist, those who do not always look only at themselves, those who are fraternal and try, every day, those who, in spite of their errors, continue onwards and start from scratch.

Those who rejoice My Heart are the peace-makers, not only of the word, but also through example, those who work without delay for peace.

Those who rejoice My Heart are those who take refuge in Me, those who seek My Presence in the Tabernacle, those who in the Communion seek the Sacred Alliance with the Universal King.

Those who rejoice My Heart are those who adore the Blessed Sacrament and who, beyond forms, understand the immaterial message that the Sacred Monstrance emits.

Those who rejoice My Heart are those who are in contact with Me, those who aspire, day and night, to live in Me, those who seek My Presence and My Heart, beyond their battles.

Those who rejoice My Heart are those who live in My Faith, those who seek charity anywhere, those who are open to the changes and do not fear their resistances.

Those who wound My Heart are the omissive, those who know that they can do everything and do not do so, those who justify themselves so as not to change.

Those who wound My Heart are those who have received all the treasures of Heaven and have wasted them, those who do not have gratitude, those who forget compassion.

Those who wound and hurt My Heart are the proud, those who do not invoke sister humility, those who lose their time in their own processes.

Those who wound My Heart are those who forget My Message and My Word, those who have not had enough reverence for all they have received from Heaven, those who have not yet realized the Grace that fills them abundantly.

Those who wound My Heart are those who complain all the time, those who still have not seen My Presence pass before their eyes, those who have still not yet discovered the Mystery.

Those who wound My Heart are those who hinder the Plan, those who change My ideas and My Projects, at each moment, those who forget redemption.

But My Heart feels the joy, in its very depths, for those who take steps and do not delay, for those who do not fear the unknown nor lose control, for those who surrender at My Feet the power they believe they have, for it to be transformed.

Those who bring joy to My Heart are the kind and merciful, those who not only speak, but also live My Message.

Those who bring joy to My Heart are those who commune with Me and do not forget how important this Sacrament is.

Those who bring joy to My Heart are those who rejoice in My Good News, those who wait each month for My Message, those who are thirsty for Me.

Thus, today you are getting to know the infinite mystery of My Heart, of a Heart that still feels and beats for you, of a Heart that still lives for this world and for this humanity, of a Heart that is touched by suffering because it has known it in Its own flesh, in Its own Body, of a Heart that has become divine for you and gives you Its Mercy so that you can be redeemed and so that you can forgive.

The infinite mystery of My Heart prepares you for Armageddon, to cross the doors of the Apocalypse, to continue on, in spite of what may happen.

I want you to meditate today upon everything I have told you and reflect in sincerity with yourselves, because I no longer speak to children, but rather to adults, adults in evolution and in commitment.

The Work of My Mercy must be fulfilled through the consequent and responsible souls, through those who do not fear to say ‘yes’.

May all those who truly cry out and ask for help enter My Heart so that they may be a part of this joy and bliss that touches Me, so I can be present and contemplate those who move forward, because in this way they will no longer be thorns in My Crown, but rather rays that I will scatter over the world to grant it healing and peace, to once again bring the Kingdom of God to Earth.

Be postulants to rejoice in My Heart, because, in this way, I will be able to feel that you can understand what you live with Me and the responsibility that this has before God.

I will keep walking with firm steps, marking upon the ground the Footprints of Light so that My apostles may recognize them, and, in this way, they may tread the path that the Master is showing, at the end of these times, on this planet and within this humanity.

In this way, I once again sacralize you, and, by means of My Spirit, I give you Peace, so that this Marathon of Divine Mercy may be a step further in the commitment and in the experience of this vow.

I leave you My Message as a lifeline, as a spiritual impulse to take a great leap into the void, into the void of yourselves, into the void of God, where you will find the inner unity with the Whole and, thus, with the Origin.

In the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. Amen.


Dear children,

Be firm in My Son. He expects from each of your hearts the necessary response for the fulfillment of His Plan.

Now, in this pause that the world is experiencing due to the pandemic, I invite you, My children, to take advantage of the time and to reconsider. Thus, you will have the impulse to continue taking steps in the consecration of your lives to the Sacred Heart of Jesus.

Dear children, take on the part that corresponds to you and do it well, express Love and Mercy at every moment.

Give your souls the opportunity to make the spiritual commitment with the Celestial Father that you have come to fulfill.

Do not be mistaken, My children: May the flame of faith guide you along the uncertain paths that humanity is today going through.

Recognize the Grace that you received and value the meaning of what it represents to serve My Son at this time.

Beloved children, there is no longer time to throw away your life in common and banal experiences.

Raise your consciousnesses, through understanding and openheartedness, to the primary reason for responding to the Call of God.

I ardently wish that you not lose the Grace of recognizing the only Truth, the Truth that is My Son, that congregates you at this time to prepare His Return within the suffering and enslaved hearts. 

I thank you for responding to My call!

Who blesses you,

Your Mother, the Virgin Mary, Rose of Peace



While you pray, I purify your lips of all the words that you may pronounce apart from God.

While you pray, I sublimate your words so that you may achieve an understanding of the Purpose of God, and thus testify to the world.

While you pray, I heal your hearts, even though they are imperfect, so that they may hold feelings ever purer.

While you pray, I free your minds so that you may have thoughts of light, of wisdom, of brotherhood and of fraternity, so that everything may be constructive.

While you pray, I bring relief to your souls so that, within you, you feel the conviction and the reason for responding to the Call of God.

While you pray, I pour out My Graces upon you so that you may learn to amend your possible errors and so that, in constant prayer, you may feel free from the prisons of life.

While you pray, I can be closer to you and have you feel the Love of God.

I thank you for responding to My call!

Who blesses you,

Your Mother, the Virgin Mary, Rose of Peace


Poems to the Immaculate Heart of Mary

Fifth Poem

Lady of the Poor,
Consoler of the afflicted,
Mother of the exiled,
Protector of the unborn,
intercede for our humanity.

May we fulfill the aspirations of Christ.

May we be capable of responding
to the Call of God at each moment.

Lady of the Poor,
may our hearts be humble.

May our lives be blessed
by the Love of the Eternal Father.

May we never fail to fulfill our part
in the Plan of humanity's Redemption.

Dear Mother,
make us free from ourselves
so that we may serve better.

Make us unconditional like Your Son
so that we may always say yes
at each new summoning.

Teach us to take care of the poorest.

Teach us to serve
others with love and mercy
because in this way we will be apostles of Christ,
willing to sacrifice ourselves for humanity
so that the Love of the Sacred Hearts may triumph.


I thank you for responding to My call!

Who blesses you,

Your Mother, the Virgin Mary, Rose of Peace


In the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. Amen.

When the Mother of God is in silence, it is because something important is about to happen, and at this moment you must understand this meaning.

This silence leads to introspection, to reflection and to discernment.

It is a moment for humanity to understand the cycles it is going through and experiencing in these times.

For this reason, the Messengers of God come to Earth, to prepare and guide it toward the next step and toward the new time.

I have come here today to bring you My message of peace, but also My message of consciousness, dear children.

Today, in the message given by your Heavenly Mother for the apparitions, a cycle closes and a new cycle will begin; from the month of March of this year onward, a moment in which you will be able to accompany Me throughout this last cycle that draws near, which will conclude an important stage for all inner worlds and also for all of humanity.

It is a moment for you to begin to harvest the fruits of the instruction and knowledge of the Hierarchy; a moment for you to be able to learn and drink from this Fountain, so that you may only depend on God, on His Grace and on His Mercy.

Thus, your souls will be strengthened upon this path and trajectory toward the eternal service for God on behalf of souls, the Kingdoms of Nature and the planet.

Today I come here to announce the end of this cycle, the end of these messages that I have been delivering that prepare you for each new meeting with Me, whether in your hearts or before My Presence.

Thus, dear children, you will be able to understand, at this moment, the omniscience of the Mother of God. This omniscience and power that Her Son has given Her to carry forward this planetary task in the end of times, which is the last and great task for these times.

For this reason, I invite you to keep in mind all that I have said to you, from the first years in which I met you, to guide you, conduct you and make you live the Plan of God in its different manifestations and tasks.

This is the time to make the great and last synthesis. It is the time to live the knowledge of God so that you can learn to face that which will come, not only for your consciousnesses, but also for the whole planet, for the entire humanity.

Through each message, through each word and instruction, your Heavenly Mother has given you an impulse, a key, a gift, a virtue and a light so that they can be lit within your hearts and within your lives, and so that you can represent the Work of Christ upon Earth.

Thus, dear children, I call you to live the untiring apostolate, the apostolate of effort, the apostolate for love for all that God conceived from the beginning of this Creation, and so that this Creation can be regenerated, healed and redeemed.

This is the time when humanity will go through the last moments within its planetary transition. Therefore, I invite you to be conscious, but I also thank you for having responded to each call.

Having responded to My call, you have responded to the call of God. This call of God is to fulfill, at each stage, His Divine Will, His aspirations, His ardent wishes and His goals. It is in this way that He appears, reveals Himself and guides His children, so that all may follow the path of faith and trust in God, in the fulfillment of His Divine Purpose.

I need you, dear children, to help me accompany the coming cycle, because from the moment My Son visits you this year, during the Sacred Week of this year, a more definitive stage will close.

Understand, dear children, that now cycles are monthly and there are also cycles that are weekly. The Hierarchy will no longer be able to wait for twenty-five or more years for the human consciousness to be mature and be in the condition that the Plan needs in order to be fulfilled and accomplished.

Therefore, I lead you to understand the importance of knowledge and instruction, which are strongholds and principles for your lives; they are directions, paths and routes to find the Divine Purpose in its diversity, within the Law of the Hierarchy, within the Law of Love-Wisdom.

I leave you this message, dear children, this last message that prepares your inner worlds for this Apparition of today, a moment when each soul and each heart, beyond what it is going through and experiencing, will have the opportunity to make this synthesis and gather, in its inner world, all the treasures that the Hierarchy has delivered, throughout the years and the times.

Today is a culminating moment for all, from the inner planes but also from the spiritual planes, the Eternal Father will be contemplating this instance, when His children will again respond to the call of the Mother of God, by means of this meeting of prayer, which tries to strengthen all souls, all hearts and consciousnesses so that they do not fear, so that they may learn to go through the end of these times with bravery and momentum, under the impulse and company of the Great Chrsitic Consciousness.

Above all, dear children, may love always be within you, in your brothers and sisters, and everywhere. It is this love, the Love of God, that has brought you here, to live this time, to live this school, to live this learning, to serve God. There is nothing that can prevent this. There is nothing that can hinder it nor intervene.

The deserts are big, but the victories are vaster and more infinite.

Take back the inner strength that the Sacrament of the Communion gives you. Affirm your Baptism. Affirm your anointment in Christ, and all will be renewed.

I thank you for responding to My call and, under the Light of My Heart, I guide you toward the Greater Purpose, until this Purpose is fulfilled, in you and in the world.

In the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. Amen.


Child, write with attention what I will dictate to you today, this is a divine exhortation of love.

Dear companions and My followers:

Given the material results for the supporting of the Work of Love of the Divine Messengers and the lack of conscious collaboration with resources after all the impulses received during the last Sacred Week, your Master and Lord of the Universe today announces the possible cancellation and the absolute retreat of all the meetings scheduled for the month of May at the Marian Center of Aurora and at the Marian Center of Figueira.

You know that in order to be able to express the Work of God on the surface and above all in this current humanity, it is necessary to have faithful and permanent collaborators so that they can be on Earth the bridge of light or the torchlight that illuminates the times and allows the spiritual Graces to descend to the Earth.

To take care of the Work of Love of the Divine Messengers is not only to attune with it and participate; it also means to collaborate, to support, to donate, to sustain and lovingly contribute with all material that is necessary to supply and furnish, such as, for example, all the life of the Marian Centers and especially of the Communities-of-Light.

In this last cycle of transition, in which My companions are going through various problems and all kind of tests, it has been removed the essential attention of collaboration and of the donation necessary to sustain the Work.

If current humanity, the nations, the continents and above all your hearts reach the point of being without divine assistance in this acute cycle, the world would suffer serious consequences because of the great quantity of accumulated faults.

With this I do not want to generate sensationalism, but it is urgent that you perceive that, through your own acts, ways of thinking or of deciding not to collaborate, you are closing the door to Divine Mercy.

I believe, companions, that after the last Sacred Week you have been faithful witnesses of all material and spiritual effort made for the manifestation of this important meeting and how little help it received from all.

To you, putting the hand on the heart, I ask you to reconsider and put your attention on what is truly essential and what this Work of Love needs to achieve with the loving and sincere help of all My companions.

If this assistance, which today I directly ask you by means of this message, does not come to happen before the end of April, I declare, as of now, that the sacred meetings of May will be cancelled, since to carry forward a work faithful donators are necessary.

I know, since more than two thousand years ago, that it would be very difficult for the souls of this planet to be available to collaborate for love with the Divine Work.

But I ask you, for love, to break this chain of indifference, because on the Day of Judgment, which is approaching, everything will be placed on the table to be judged under the Higher Light.

I thank you for being considerate and responsible!

Who blesses you,

Your Master, Christ Jesus

Daily Message of Mary, Rose of Peace, transmitted on the Eagle of Light bus during the journey from the city of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, to Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil to the visionary Friar Elías del Sagrado Corazón

Dear children,

To love the Plan of God means to experience certain challenges that go beyond the maturity of the consciousness. Each challenge placed on the path of the disciple, be it physical, mental or spiritual, is so the consciousness may take a greater step than one has ever taken.

That moment is interpreted as a transition when the shift is from one school to another, or as a purification when something inner is purified. One who has faith, will manage to overcome both challenges and will be able to teach others who are going through the same lessons how to do it. This does not mean that the Father wishes for what is most difficult for His children, for He is the Father of Love.

When the life of an initiate draws closer to the path of holiness or of a total consecration to the Plan of God, the spirit forges other experiences so that the soul, the mind and the heart of each being is able to be defined.

There will never be two paths to come to Christ; it is for this reason that all souls, at a certain moment in their lives, have the possibility of choosing the path of perpetual discipleship or the path of ministry; one will place them in the school of instruction of life and the other on the path to learning to serve better every day.

 At this time, a large part of humanity is being placed on the path of purification so that, at some point, souls may define the next steps of their evolution.

The trajectory of the spirit is traced by the experiences in life, those of the soul and by the decisions made by the spirit of each being on facing the Call of God.

In this last cycle, there are many souls that are placed on the path of complete surrender. This allows the consciousness to face and come to know aspects of their being that were previously purified over longer periods.

Due to the need for pure souls on Earth, the Plan changed the direction of events. With souls in a greater state of purity, humanity will be saved, and the less prepared consciousnesses are called upon to accomplish this purpose.

It could be that your life is within that project and you have not yet perceived this; today I come to reveal it to you. Take care of this sacred request of God.

I thank you for responding to this important celestial convocation!

Who encourages you,

Your Mother Mary, Rose of Peace


Dear children,

Everything you see in the world, in this time, is the grave result of the self-destruction of spiritual life in humanity. Few are the things spiritually preserved today in the conscious awareness of humanity; for this reason, the aid of Heaven for the planet is immediate and urgent, to avoid more consciousnesses going on the path of error.

Thus, children, with Eyes of Compassion and Mercy, Your Heavenly Mother contemplates all these situations, and prays, hoping that someday your consciousnesses awaken to the Call of God.

Dear children, in light of the immensity of the universe that surrounds you, Your Heavenly Mother implores of Her Son to pour out His Infinite Mercy, so that at least the essences and souls may be freed from the sea of confusion and blindness, the effects of a materialistic and scot-free life.

But now, the Universe sends the Mother of the World as spiritual Mediator, so hearts may receive the last Grace of entering the Kingdom of Adonai and do not miss knowing the grandeur of His Fatherly Love.

Children, that Love is what has, through the invincible Grace of My Son, allowed the influences of My adversary to be banished from many souls.

For those who get lost, it is enough to pray and wait for a touch of Divine Grace to reach their hearts.

Remember, the opportunity is for all My children.

I thank you for responding to My call!

Who keeps you in Her Lap of Light,

Your Mother, the Virgin Mary, Rose of Peace

Monthly Message of the Virgin and Mother of Divine Mercy, the Most Holy Mary, transmitted in the city of Asunción, Paraguay, to the visionary Sister Lucía de Jesús

As Mother of Divine Mercy, I come to the world, with the Light of My Son, to heal and redeem all those who are so in need of forgiveness, redemption and peace, and who are on Earth, lost from God and forsaken of heart.

I am the Holy Mother of all peoples, of all races.

I am the same One who is hidden in the mountains, Caacupé, as the One who was found in the waters, Aparecida.

I am the One who delivers freedom to the 33, I am the One who comes to those who need to take a new step, and I give the world the fruits of a Figueira of love.

I am the One who brings to souls the Spirit of God and conceives the Divine Trinity in hearts.

I am the Queen of Peace, I am the Mother of the Divine Verb.

I am the Mother of the world, the universe and of all of you.

Those who decide to be under My Mantle recognize My Countenance in all the manifestations of the world and know I am the same one in Heaven as on Earth, and that I come to teach you that nothing should be separate, not in this world, nor in others.

My beloveds, I travel through the nations to unite the peoples, even if it be through their representatives. I come to build that network of light, which must light up the planet through prayer, when the sun no longer shines in the sky of this world.

I want to see in My children the light that illumines the paths of those who walk in darkness. I want to form you, so that the Holy Spirit may find a dwelling place in your consciousnesses, and others who did not have the Grace of being in My Presence may find Me in their hearts.

My dear children, blessed are they who take the risk of responding to the call of God. Now I ask you to allow that call to become a fertile seed in your essences, and little by little, be a life that testifies to conversion and faith for those who have forgotten God.

In the simplicity of your hearts, may the door be found through which My Son will return to the world. May your hearts be humble, so that they may became the cradle of the poor but blessed inner Bethlehem, which will receive the New Child, so that for the second and last time, He may remove the evil that torments the heart of humankind and the Kingdoms of Nature.

Beloved of My Heart, begin today through your little lives to prepare the path of the Lord. Once and for all, remove from your lives all that which does not belong in this humble manger of Bethlehem.

Once again, the Birth of Christ is announced to the world, and now, He will be born in many hearts, and others He will cause to be reborn in life, for redemption and the institution of Peace.

I am the bearer of Mercy, Who asks of you: be merciful, so that the Kingdom of God may descend to the world.

I bless you and thank you, because Divine Grace descended upon this place and your lives were filled by the divine presence.

I love you.

Mary, Queen of Peace and Mother of Divine Mercy


My children,

Once again, I invite you to live simplicity and humility within your hearts. I have called you to this place to show you that My Presence is among the crowds, but it is also in the homes, among the simplest and most open-hearted families. I have brought you here to place within your beings the spirit of humility and simplicity so that you may learn from this example that you have before your hearts.

My beloveds, the world needs more humble hearts willing to respond to the call that comes from Heaven; it needs simple hearts that are able to live obedience without it being a martyrdom in their lives.

My dear ones, on this day, I want to leave in your hearts this call to humility through faith, reverence and fidelity. I want to invite you to live simplicity through obedience, an obedience that flows from the heart by the simple act of obeying the Will of God in all things and listening to His Call with the heart.

Today you may not understand what I ask of you, but if you follow My Words you will, without much difficulty, find this path through which I am guiding you.

My dear ones, a time will come when your hearts must be fully faithful to the voice of the heart, which is an echo of the Voice of God within His creatures.

To reach Eternity, without entering other paths that do not lead you towards My Kingdom, you must be silent and listen attentively to the Voice of the Lord who guides you. This echo does not bring doubts, it brings confidence and, through this confidence, you must respond to the Call of God without the need for it to be repeated.

Today, My children, My Voice brings the echo of God, repeating His Will to you countless times, but the day will come when this call will no longer be repeated, and those who can listen to it must obey faithfully and without delay.

My dear ones, I hope from My Immaculate Heart that you may understand what I ask of you today; may humility and simplicity in the little things lead you to trace the great events of your lives.

I come as a Mother and helper to guide your hearts and your spirits. Listen to My Words with love, study what I have told you over the years, and at least try to practice what I tell you. My intercession will reach those who say yes to Me and take the first steps to respond to My call.

I thank you for being with Me today.

Mary, Mother and Queen of Peace

Who are we?

Association Mary
Founded in December of 2012, at the request of the Virgin Mary, Association Mary, Mother of the Divine Conception, is a religious association without ties to any institutionalized religion. It has a philosophical-spiritual, ecumenical, humanitarian, charitable, cultural character, and it supports all activities that are indicated through the instructions transmitted by Christ Jesus, the Virgin Mary, and Saint Joseph. Read more